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Buffalo Leather

Buffalo Leather

Buffalo Leather

Buffalo leather is the tanned hide from one of the 74 species (or subspecies) of domestic buffalo and bovine cattle. The most common types are American buffalo and Texas Longhorn, but there are also a number of other breeds that have been used for this purpose. These include Angus, Hereford, Jersey, Shorthorn, Simmental, and Wagyu.

Where Does Buffalo Leather Come From

Cow leather and bison leather/buffalo leather are both made by skilled artisans in the traditions of centuries past. Buffalo was first domesticated in Asia over 6,000 years before they introduced into Europe. There are currently 194 million domesticated buffaloes worldwide, 97 percent of which are raised in Asia. Buffalo are domesticated animals that are used for pulling carts and plows in India, where they produce more milk than cows. At the end of their working life, the hides of buffalo are tanned to produce buffalo leather.

What Does Buffalo Leather Look Like

Bovine leather has a more distinctive grain than buffalo leather (bison leather). It comes in a wide variety of colors and finishes, including rich, dark tones that give them a striking appearance. They can be dyed or stained with natural dyes like indigo, madder, logwood, and walnut shell. Some manufacturers use vegetable tanning agents such as sumac, oak bark, and even coffee beans. Other methods include using mineral salts to create a salt-cured finish.

What Happens To Buffalo Leather After Aging

With proper leather care, buffalo leather will develop a beautiful patina over time, making it even more attractive. The color will deepen with age as well as become darker and richer. This process takes anywhere between two months and three years depending on how often you clean your saddle. If you want to speed up the aging process, you can rub the saddle with olive oil or linseed oils.

How Is Buffalo Leather Made

How Is Buffalo Leather Made

The quickest way to get tanned is by using chrome tanning, which can be done in just a few days. However, this method uses toxic chemicals which pollute the environment. They take four weeks to produce and are much more environmentally friendly than traditional saddles. Below are some ways to make buffalo leather:

How Leather Is Tanned

1. After a buffalo has been slaughtered for meat, its hide must be removed. The hide is sold for use by a tanner who then takes out any remaining flesh, fat, or muscle from it.

2. The next step is to remove all of the moisture, preservatives, and oils from the skin. By now, the material is in its “wet blue” stage because it has a blue color at this point.

3. All of the wet blues are tanned in a large drum with added preservatives and dyes as they get tumbled for hours. It takes anywhere from 8 to 12 hours to cure leather.

4. Leather is soaked in hot water before it goes into the press. After drying, it’s finished by applying various types of finishing agents.

There are lots of different types of leather available for purchase. Some of them may not be genuine leather at all. To save time and money, tanneries often allow the wet blue to sit for a short time before they soak it up and use the leather.

How To Recognize Good And Bad Leather

By price

Quality leather products cannot be inexpensive. If you want high quality, you will need to pay for it and when people claim that their low-priced products are genuine, it may be possible that they are lying to you.

Make sure it's not fake

Apart from recognizing low-quality leather, you also need to know how to identify fake leather because there is so much of it. Leather firstly has a strong smell and secondarily low quality leathers have it too. If there is no strong and pungent smell, then there is a high probability that it is fake. Furthermore, if it feels like cheap plastic, then it might be fake or of poor quality. Avoid leather products that are made by bonding leather together or leather that has many imperfections. If you do end up with a cracked leather product, there are some things you can do to keep it looking good.

How Strong Is Buffalo Leather

Buffalo leather has an extra thick skin layer that makes it stronger and more durable than cowhide. Buffalo hide leathers are not stretched during the tannage process, unlike cowhide leathers, and therefore they are thick and more resistant to tearing than cowhide leathers. Full grain buffalo leather has one of the strongest leathers that you can get. Also, because buffalo leather is thicker, it's easier to repair if something does happen to it. Below we compared buffalo leather to some leather alternatives:

Buffalo Leather Versus Genuine Leather

Scars and imperfections to the skin of buffalo give the leather an interesting look. The color of buffalo leather varies depending on the breed of buffalo and the tanning process. Some breeds have dark brown skins while others have lighter colored ones. The darker the color, the better the quality of the leather.

Genuine leather refers to the lowest quality leather you could possibly buy. There are two main types of leather used for making shoes and leather bags – split leather and bonded leather. Split leather is made from the lower layers of the hide. Bonded leather is made from scraps of leather that have been pulped and then glued together. Compared with full grain leather and top grain buffalo leather, "genuine leather" is an inferior product, it is weak, has no durability, and doesn't have the natural beauty of genuine buffalo leather.

Buffalo Leather Versus Sheep Leather

This sheep leather is too thin and weak for its intended purpose. Thin materials are used for items where their lightness is a virtue, like book covers, gloves, or lightweight clothing. Buffalo leather is thick and supple, making it ideal for use in weight-bearing products such as shoes and bags. And also, it is very strong.

Buffalo Leather Versus Calf Leather

Calf leather, which is also called calfskin, is a type of leather made from the skin of calves. It’s prized for its leather softness, fine grain, and durability. Leather is used for making lightweight items such as book bindings, wallets, and the upper parts of shoes. Buffalo leather is a much thicker type of leather with a coarse grain, it is much harder and much more durable than calf leather. As a result, buffalo leather is best used for items that need to be durable, such as saddlebags, motorcycles, and luggage.

Buffalo Leather Versus Cowhide

Cowhide is the skin of a dead animal whose fur has been removed. Cowhides come in various colors and designs. They can also be dyed and decorated with different patterns. Cowhide is used to cover up floors and walls. It’s often used to decorate furniture, bags, and even shoes. Cowhide is a type of leather that has been made by cows for centuries. It is therefore much less widely worn than cow leather. Cow leather is often used for similar purposes to buffalo leather because it is strong and durable, but buffalo leather is usually cheaper than cowhide leather.

Buffalo Leather Versus Cow Leather

Cow leather is the largest type of leather produced worldwide and makes up nearly two-thirds of all leather products. About one-and-a-half billion cows produce enough milk for us and use their animal hides to create leather products. Buffalo populations worldwide number just under 200 million, 97 percent of which were raised in Asia. Buffalo is used for agriculture and milk production and their hides are used by industries such as the leather industry. The buffalo hide is twice as thick as cowhide and has a more pronounced grain, so buffalo leather is stronger and lasts longer than cow leather. It’s a good choice for everything where cow leather is used.

Buffalo Leather Versus Lambskin Leather

Lambskin leather is a fine-grained leather with a soft, buttery feel, which makes it ideal for making high-end small leather items like handbags. It is a thin, delicate leather and not very resistant to staining, unlike buffalo leather, whose grain is thicker, coarser, and much harder than lambskin leather. If the item in ques­tion has to be durable, then buffalo leather is obviously the best option.

Buffalo leather straps are very durable and can last for years if properly cared for. However, they do need some maintenance. A strap repair kit is a good investment because it can save you money in the long run.

Water Buffalo Leather

So, there you go! A few tips for you. If you're buying American buffalo or bison hides, be sure they come from domestic suppliers. A buffalo in India or China usually refers to a water buffalo, which is a completely different kind of animal from an Indian bison.

Aniline leather is usually made from buffalo leather and water buffalo leather. Buffalo hide is characterized by its large pores which gives it an attractive appearance when used for making leather products. Compared to normal cowhide leather, the significantly coarsened porosity is clearly noticeable Fibre has a coarse structure. Buffalo leather is made from thick single fibers but isn't as tightly woven together as cowhide. Nevertheless, it’s a stable and sturdy leather

A buffalo leather interior in a BMW. It fades and stains easily. Because of this, the next generation of buffalo leather was colored so that it would be less prone to fade and stains. Water buffalo leather as leather for furniture. As time goes by, the leather gets worn out and starts to fade. The Asian water buffalo, which lives in Asia, is abundant there and produces nutritious milk. They are usually found in both plains and marshlands, and they provide large, durable hides for their owners.

Water buffalo leather has a natural grain and soft feel. Its textured surface and impressive strength have made it a favorite among horse riders, who call it "Memel" leather. Dressage riders benefit greatly from the comfort and grip offered by water buffalo leather saddles or knee blocks. Water buffalo leather has traditionally been used for high-quality leather products, including wallets, leather backpacks, leather duffle bags, and leather boots. It’s a well-proven leather that has many high-end applications and applications that require strength and durability.

Water Buffalo vs. African Cape Buffalo

Buffalo are large members of the Bovidae family of mammals. There are two kinds of buffalo: the African cape buffalo and the Asian water buffaloes. They are large, aggressive, and usually brownish-black animals that look a lot like cows.

Bison and buffalo are often confused. Because early Americans thought bison looked similar to each other, they called them "buffalo." Bison are not actually buffalo; however, they're closely related to them (in fact, they're part of the same family). There are several different types of bovine animals including domestic cattle, oxen, yaks, four-horn antelope, bongos, and kudus.

African cape buffalo is a very tough animal. Its skin is thick and durable. This makes it ideal for making bags and accessories. However, this quality comes at a price. Because of the thickness of the skin, it requires special care. It needs to be cleaned regularly and conditioned frequently.

Water buffalo leather is a great natural material for making wallets and other accessories. It is extremely versatile and easy to work with. It can be dyed easily and is naturally water repellent.


They are hunted by both humans and wild predators. Considered an invasive species in some countries. Australia in particular is famous for its excellent water buffalo hunting in the northern territory. It's the same for Cape buffaloes in countries like Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe.

They can cause a lot of damage if they are not handled properly. Cape buffaloes in particular known for being aggressive and for charging hunters. They're a member of the big five species of dangerous animals for a reason. On balance, water buffaloes are probably slightly less dangerous to humans than Cape buffaloes, but they can still cause trouble if you aren't careful.

Both species require water to some extent. Water buffaloes usually live in wetter and swampier areas than cows. On the one hand, cape buffaloes can live in the savannahs and grasslands of Africa for as long as they can get enough water every day. However, tourists often see Cape buffalo and water buffaloes near the water. So, just because a buffalo is standing in a river or a pond doesn't mean it's a water buffalo.


There are several major differences between Cape buffaloes and water buffaloes. One of them is the way their horns grow. If the animal has an owner or if its horns curve downward, then you're probably dealing with a Cape Buffalo. Another easy way to tell between Cape buffalo and water buffalo is by their location. Apart from a few game ranches in the U.S., Cape buffaloes only live in Africa.

Unlike water buffaloes, human beings have never been able to tame African cape buffalo. Because they're not useful for anything else, you won't ever see a Cape buffalo plow a field or pull a cart. You don't need to worry about identifying the two different species anymore because you now know which one is which.

In the leather industry, there are many similarities between the two types of buffalo hides. Both are very durable and strong. They also tend to age well over time. This means that they'll last longer than other types of leather.

The main difference is that water buffalo skins are much thicker than Cape buffalo skins. In fact, Cape buffalo skins are so thin that they're almost transparent. This makes them ideal for making wallets, belts, and shoes. Cape buffalo skins are also softer than water buffalo skins. This means that they're easier to work with. They also make better-looking leather goods. Cape buffalo skins are also cheaper than water buffalo skins. That's why most people use them instead of water buffalo skins.

Characteristics Of Leather Perfect For Making Bags

If a product needs to be more durable, then we use buffalo leather. Buffalo leather has different characteristics than cowhide. The texture of buffalo leather is especially striking because of its broader, thicker fibers. This means that buffalo leather will have a stronger, denser look and feel than cowhide.

The most common type of buffalo leather is called “water buffalo” or “Asian buffalo” leather. These types of leather are made from the skin of water buffalo, which is native to Asia. In fact, these animals have originally domesticated in China thousands of years ago. Today, water buffalo are still raised on farms throughout Asia, where they produce rich milk.

The other type of buffalo leather is known as “American buffalo” or ‘bison” leather. These skins were taken from wild bison, which are also native to North America. Wild bison are not as widely available as water buffalo, but they are often easier to find.


It is made from 100% natural ingredients, so it breathes similar to human skin because it has the ability to both release and retains moisture. It has these characteristics, so it can be worn in any season, even during the coldest months. Buffalo leather products will maintain their shape and won't stretch out even if they're subjected to high amounts of pressure. Unlike fabrics, which wear out over the course of time, leather actually gets more comfortable with age.


Additional information buffalo leather is known for its resilience and flexibility as well as its resistance to pressure and burns. It is not easily torn or burned, which makes it an extremely durable material. Most common related products for this real leather are leather wallets, handbags, briefcases, luggage, and shoes.


This is one of the best qualities of buffalo leather. It's very hardy and long-lasting. It doesn't crack or peel off as fabric does. It's also easy to clean and maintain. Leather is a popular choice for making bags because it's versatile and durable. You can make your own bag using leather, or you can buy readymade bags at online stores or leather shops with exclusive special offers.

Easiest Way To Clean Buffalo Leather

Facts and myths are revealed by those who know them best. Leather cleaning doesn't have to be difficult or time-consuming, but if you want professional results, then you'll need to hire a professional cleaner. We're going to share some insider tips so that we can help you avoid wasting time and money on products that don't actually work.

Baby Wipes

Wipes don't really clean your leather. They're just as good as damp cloths at cleaning the surface of the leather. Wipes will simply slide across the top surface of the leather without picking up any dirt. Dirt that remains on the leather will eventually start to decay the leather. You may want to check if some baby wipes contain lanolin which can damage the color coating on your leather. If so, they might be able to remove the color from the surface of two-tone leather.

Furniture Polish

Some furniture polish can cause damage to your leather upholstery. We know that it's tempting to use furniture polish when cleaning your leather furniture, but some furniture polish contains silicone which prevents leather repair products from bonding properly to your leather upholstered pieces. Silicone can also interfere with the way your leather repairs penetrate into the fibers of your leather. The result is leather sofas that will eventually dry out, crack, and rot, and nothing we professional cleaners can do if you've used furniture polish containing silicone.

Cheap Leather Cleaners

The cheaper the leather cleaner, the less effective it is at cleaning your leather products. A leather cleaner begins its life as an extremely powerful cleaning solution. As it gets diluted, it becomes weaker and less effective at cleaning your leather. It also means you’re tempted to rub harder because you think the cleaner is too weak. However, if you don't use enough pressure, then you won't be able to remove stains effectively.

Tips: Don't blame the leather cleaner

A leather cleaner cannot be used to clean grease stains or stains caused by dye transfer from clothing, wine, or markers. Cleaners won't be able to remove a build-up of dirt from leather. You need to use specialized leather cleaners for that.

You wouldn't wash your hair or clothes without conditioning them afterward

It's the same with leather, a deep cleaning leather cleaner on its own will not soften your leather, always condition your leather after a clean so that it doesn't dry out and it can retain its suppleness.

Buffalo leather is very absorbent

It also works well for absorbing dirt, liquids, and stains. Don't use power tools or brushes when cleaning leather furniture. It's best not to use harsh cleaners on buffalo leather because they could permanently stain it.

Customers often ask how they can deep clean their light-colored leather. This tends to show dirt more clearly than darker-colored leather. We recommend buying a leather cleaning product specifically designed for light-colored lea­ther.

How to Clean Buffalo Leather

Microfiber Towels

You can clean buffalo leather by rubbing a moist, clean cloth over its surface. It's a tricky balancing act between making sure the fabric is not too wet and ruining the leather. Too dry that it won't absorb dirt, dust, and debris. Most of the moisture will evaporate from the surface, so even though it sounds like any water equals instant stains, it usually takes more to leave any noticeable traces.

If the dirt is deep, it has difficult stains or you want to thoroughly remove the stain from the leather, a dedicated cleaner for leather may be a helpful choice. Soap made from saddle leather is one of the most common choices. It’s intended for English saddle leathers and similar leathers that have been treated with vegetable tanning agents. You can also use a soft cleaning brush to clean the leather. Just be careful not to get any bristles into the grooves of the bag. There is another leather cleaning product that is formulated to be gentle on leather while removing stains and dirt. It contains no soap and is safe for all types of leather including buffalo leather.

The leather cleaner should apply in small amounts using a damp cloth. If you apply too much, you risk staining the leather. Apply the cleaner directly onto the leather and let it sit for about 10 minutes before wiping off excess liquid.

How to Condition Buffalo Leather

Photographer: Lina Verovaya | Source: Unsplash

Leather Cleaner and Conditioner

Buffalo tanning leaves the leather fibers exposed so they dry out faster than when they're covered by another type of finish. It's therefore important to condition your vegetable-tanned leather more often. You usually apply a wax, oil, cream, or lotion to the surface of the leather and let it soak into the leather for a few minutes before polishing. Conditioned leather- treated so that it becomes softer, more flexible, scratch-resistant, and feels better in your hands.

After cleaning the skin, the conditioner can be applied by applying it directly onto the skin using an applicator or by rubbing it into the skin using a soft cloth. You should use conditioner in small circular motions, allow it to soak into your bag for several minutes, and then wipe away any excess using a clean, lint-free cloth.

If you prefer, you can apply a protective coating after the first coat has dried. It helps the leather become slightly more waterproof and resistant to scratches. One potential downside is that it may hide part of the desired look and feel of the natural leather grain, but it won't be noticeable when worn. Protective finishes are usually either natural waxes or synthetically made waxes/acrylic paints such as Resilience. You usually want to clean and condition your buffalo skin leather pieces before applying any finishing products.


The main difference between buffalo leather and other types of leather is that buffalo leather is thicker and tougher than most other kinds of leather. Buffalo leather is suitable for many uses, including shoe uppers, belts, and luggage.

Buffalo leather is a great material to work with because it is naturally durable and easy to care for. However, it does require some extra attention to keep it looking good. This article provides details about buffalo leather and tips on how to clean and maintain buffalo leather bags. Hope this information will help you choose the right bags for yourself!


What is top-grain buffalo leather?

top-grain buffalo leather also has natural cowhide characteristics, giving it a unique appearance, thickness, and good durability.

What is Full Grain Buffalo Leather?

domestic American buffalo hide. The top layer typically carries all the best and most natural characteristics of the buffalo hides.

What is the use of this product?

Used for boots, wallets, bags, and other durable stuff.

What is genuine leather?

The name “genuine leather” aims at making this type of leather sound high-quality.

What is the difference between buffalo leather and cowhide?

Buffalo leather has a relatively distinctive grain compared to cowhide leather grain, making it a popular choice for consumers and seasoned leatherworkers.

What is Buffalo Leather?

Buffalo leather is different from cowhide in terms of flexibility and thickness.

What is Cow Leather?

A material used for creating shoes, bags, belts, and other similar products. Made out of natural hides through a long process.

Is Cow Leather Good?

It can be if the producers know what they are doing.

What animal hides are used for our products?

All of the cow and buffalo hides are supplied from the meat business, meaning, we don't harm any animals in order to produce our products.

What material is used for this product?

All products made of buffalo leather will remain the same and not lose their shape or stretch out due to pressure.

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